I suppose I could be boring and point out that there was only ever one “Witch-finder General” and he made the title up for himself. Or that Matthew Hopkins was also the only “witch-finder” to test witches in water, and the practice was to establish if the water rejected them by making them float, a reference to baptism. But none of that really matters. When Doctor Who interacts with history Rosa is the exception and The Witchfinders is more what we have come to expect: history as seen through the lens of modern cultural interpretations. It doesn’t quite go the full Crucible, although the source of Becka’s name is pretty obvious (see the excellent First Doctor novel The Witch Hunters for a straight up Doctor-Who-does-The-Crucible) but this is very much within the realms of what Elizabeth Sandifer called “heritage theme park Britain” on her excellent blog. This is Doctor Who. King James can wander around on his own, a humourous caricature of the real man, and nobody need notice what the Doctor and her companions are wearing either. It’s not important. The entertainment factor comes first, and in that respect The Witchfinders is the standout success of the series.
In any case, the true inspiration of this episode lies far from the actual history of this country. It’s a horror story. Actually, it’s a very specific horror story: The Ash-tree by M.R. James, and that’s exactly where I want to see Doctor Who getting its ideas. Classic ghost stories are rich with creepy concepts that can translate to Doctor Who with a handwaved sci-fi explanation, and this is an example of how well that can work. If you’re not familiar with the work of M.R. James then now’s the time of year to get familiar. Apart from being great stories to read, five of his stories including The Ash-tree were adapted in the 70s as part of the Ghost Story for Christmas strand. Between 2005 and 2013 four more James stories were adapted. If you want to get a feel for the kind of storytelling playing into this episode of Doctor Who, and give yourself some scares in the process, they are a good place to start.
Being Doctor Who, we can’t just have the supernatural played straight, so instead we have alien mud, the second attempt to make the everyday frightening in Doctor Who this year. Needless to say, it’s a much more effective idea than killer fabric. The movement in Becka’s face after she went the full Morax was presumably achieved with CGI. If so, it’s probably the most successful and genuinely creepy use of CGI in Doctor Who ever. If the Morax reminded you a teensy bit of the Sycorax, that’s probably because it’s as close as Joy Wilkinson could get to the same name without re-using it, as it is probably a reference to the character from The Tempest, who punishes the spirit Ariel by imprisoning her in a pine tree. It’s a shame the name had already been used really, as it fits better here!
Just to round off the chit-chat about the sources of inspiration behind this episode, I mentioned above how easily a supernatural story can become a Doctor Who episode with a bit of sci-fi technobabble. That gets gloriously lampshaded towards the end of the episode with the reference to Clarke’s Third Law: “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.” It’s nice to have this actually mentioned in a Doctor Who episode because it has been the backbone of so much of Doctor Who, and the reason why I have so often described Who as a fantasy series with a flimsy veil of sci-fi.
So basically, yes, this was a fabulous episode. We seem to be alternating between brilliant historical episodes and truly awful future sci-fi ones, with the occasional contemporary passable romp thrown in to the mix. If only Chibnall’s version of Who could find the level of success in the future that it has in the past we would have something extraordinary on our hands. But it’s not just the historical/horror aspects of this episode that worked so well. At long last the characterisation of the Doctor really worked. Too often this year she has been the weak Doctor who powerlessly watches as the innocent get killed and the villains walk away. Not this time. In The Witchfinders she is the Doctor who talks the talk about not meddling with history and then can’t help herself, diving into the water to try to save an innocent victim.
Right from the start there have been two sides to the Doctor (OK, there have been a million sides, but for the purposes of this discussion…). He/she can be the one who walks away helplessly from an impossible situation, lamenting how there should have been another way, or the one who faces an impossible situation and finds a third way. I know which Doctor I want to watch. RP
The view from across the pond:
Wow, this season has been a tough one. The Doctor and company are wonderful, but they get into these stories that feel like non-stop stuff. Everything happens so fast, we barely have a chance to process what’s going on. Then, quicker than you can say: “do not interfere with the fundamental fabric of history”, the Doctor is interfering with the fundamental fabric of history. And why? Because we’re dealing with an historical event that no one has heard about, which obviously makes it ok.
And that’s at the heart of the problem for Doctor Who: big historical events are “fixed points”. Get to a lesser known event and it’s totally acceptable to mess with it. But what constitutes a “big event” versus a “small” one? Realistically the fire that burned down Rome was just a fire. But it impacted a city! Meanwhile Rosa Parks sitting on a bus seems so much smaller, what with it being a bus of only a few dozen people. Yet, somehow the Doctor’s involvement with the fire was a part of established history while Rosa’s decision could have been altered. It may have been considered too soon to have a situation where the Doctor influenced Rosa; it had to be shown that it was Rosa’s idea or it would have implied the idea came from another source and taken away her significance. Fair enough, but should we Italians be annoyed that Nero was portrayed as a madman and the Doctor gave him the idea to burn down Rome? Damn it, I think Nero could have come up with that idea on his own!!
From the outset, the Doctor tells her companions that they cannot interfere, but alien mud makes it where it is acceptable to interfere. Yet again, we’re given some great material (not the mud, but the “undead”) only to make it some alien presence. And what a lame bunch! They wander about in all their Evil Dead glory, but the strongest is struggling to take hold of Mistress Savage. Oh, wait, no – the strongest is the king who only can be a mud tendril. Why is it that Savage comes out looking like a bad rendition of Star Fox but she’s not even the strongest? Why wouldn’t Star Fox be the first of them? And to defeat them… you take their prison, break it up, and make torches out of it? At least I’m in familiar territory when I say, it doesn’t make any sense!? And speaking of sense: the bad guys can be drained back into the earth/alien prison/tree but the strongest… explodes!?
That said, the cast is still spectacular. The Doctor is absolutely a force to be reckoned with now. I love that she stands her ground with Savage telling her that she is, without question, a murderer. And the dialogue between her and King James was equally fantastic.
King James: “I want to know all the secrets of existence”
The Doctor: “Then start with the mysteries of the heart.”
The rest of Team Tardis is still spot on, although I don’t think letting Yaz go off on her own was very likely especially coming off Ryan’s comment last episode about that not being the way they roll. But maybe we can accept that she was comfortable enough to go talk to a grieving young woman. Graham again scores big with one great line after the other. From his “Are you a good person, Mistress Savage”, to the hilarious “Revenge: that’s why the undead always come back!”, his delivery is perfect. The Tarantino comment was just icing on the cake! Ryan and King James have some great dialogue too, especially comparing back stories about those they’ve lost.
Which brings us to the guest cast. Savage (Siobhan Finneran) is strangely more believable as a villain because she believes she’s doing good. “Together we will save their souls… even if it means killing them all…” It’s a terrifying sort of “big bad” and she carries it well. By contrast King James (Alan Cumming) is the star of the piece. He’s comical, intelligent, over-the-top flamboyant, and utterly wonderful. As great lines go, “why does the lassie speak of commerce?” was a laugh-out-loud line, perfectly delivered. He offers a comedic means of drawing attention to the plight of women back in the 17th century. “A woman could never be the general!” and commenting on a female’s proclivity for “nosiness and gossip” are both delivered with a smile. The time period gives credence to the lines, the science fiction allows us to create allegory. And the Doctor’s comment about “if I were still a bloke…” actually makes sense here.
This would have been far stronger as a straight-up horror story, rather than adding an alien menace. The messages could have been preserved without it: anti-bullying, love thy neighbor, poetry under pressure… there was no reason to add the “alien” especially when Clark’s law is referenced. A horror story with a “sufficiently advanced technology” behind it would be indistinguishable from magic – in other words, we didn’t have to get an explanation! Just Doctor Who vs The Evil Dead. That would have been memorable enough.
A couple final thoughts.
- The Sonic is used to scan mud on Yaz, on the ground and on Willa. It also scans the mud people and the tree. In other words, it was used almost exclusively as a scanner with one exception: the Doctor appears to do something to the wood/prison towards the end.
- Granny’s drowning is the fastest in history and “the Doctor” doesn’t even attempt CPR??? The woman was in the lake for 12 seconds. I held my breath on my second viewing and wasn’t even winded! Why did none of team Tardis try to save the poor, old “witch”?
- I am so sick of random lines like “A very wet weekend with Houdini” and the “milk wars of Kasten five”. There are 55 years of history behind Doctor Who. If we can’t pull from the material we have, someone is too lazy to do any research. Easter eggs are so much more fun when the audience knows they are there. I’m more annoyed than I was that time in France! (See? It has no meaning to the audience…)
We’ve got two more weeks to see if this season has any wow-moments. So far, we haven’t quite hit that home run we’ve all been waiting for. This one just felt like a foul ball to me. ML
Read next in the Junkyard… It Takes You Away
Having seen Alan Cumming (shortly before Goldeneye) for the very first time in a Dr. Who homage called The Airzone Solution, in which he played a sinister MI5 Agent named MacNamara, I knew it would be timely enough for him to guest star in the modern Dr. Who. As King James, he could for the best reasons fuel a story that may succeed in some ways but be questionable in others. For a solid adversary where Jodie’s Doctor is concerned, Jodie may have finally found her best niche so far as the female Doctor takes on her greatest stand against a specific oppression.
This was almost a year after I first saw Krystal Moore’s first Dr. Who: Velocity episode that probed into period-piece witch trials, whose resolution I felt had rightfully rivaled The Waters Of Mars. In regards to how a female Doctor can deal with prejudices against women whenever visiting Earth’s troubled past, both Jodie and Krystal are equally resolute even if the consequences of their brave actions vary. But in regards to how female-Doctor fan films have dramatically succeeded for how particularly underwhelming they might seem in contrast to mainstream Dr. Who, there was a valid review by SyFy Wire that commented on how S11’s ‘cleanness’ in this regard was a good thing in obvious ways.
As for the alien villainy here, in regards to the undead villainies of the SF genre that still seem as reusable as they’ve always been since Night Of The Living Dead and The Fog, it was intriguingly wise to not make them an entire race, but merely a group of prisoners sentenced to Earth for the individually evil deeds they were guilty of. The main issue is a timeless one as to how Earth still attracts all this ET activity, particularly where historical events are concerned. For Dr. Who, that may be adventurously familiar. For Whoniversal originality, undead-nourishing mud tendrils can agreeably enough beat explosive bubble-wrap.
Thank you both for your very thoughtful reviews on The Witchfinders.
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I didn’t know he was in Airzone Solution. Mind you, I only watched it once when it first came out and didn’t think much of it.
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For its message about irresponsibility and arrogance against nature, coupled with how it made use of a paranormal twist to connect all the Doctor-actors in different roles, I found the story relatively impressive and I’m glad that Danny Lavery made good use of it in his fan-edit: The Rise Of Evil.
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It was Sylvester McCoy’s speech about how nature will always survive through the given connections of specific individuals, much like the Calling dramas for Manifest, that I think I’ll remember it best for. Its revelation-finale that brought about the inevitable justice and hope certainly made a point. Like The Stranger, it wasn’t specifically Dr. Who, yet was a homage for how Dr. Who has remained particularly pivotal in SF/fantasy motivations. I’ll always look back fondly on the Wilderness Years for reaffirming how Dr. Who’s success, no matter how paradoxical that success may often seem, is strengthened by the drive to be remarkably different, which has consequently influenced SF shows like Lexx, and yet still with its share of powerful messages.
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Had to chuckle at the mental image of ML holding his breath to see if long enough to drown someone. Thanks for doing the research, Mike!
I thought this was a strange episode, in a good way. Strange because it mixed the horrific (killing innocent women as witches) with the macabre (zombies rising from the mud) and the humorous (King George and his out-of-place dialog).
RP’s comments on the influences for this episode were quite helpful in understanding how all those elements came together.
Another compelling story. This team of companions is quite good – I like that one of them is an older guy (like myself). And they all seem to have unique abilities that allow them to contribute to the outcome.
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It’s always interesting how reviews and comments on the Junkyard can help to clarify things that the Doctor Who and Star Trek episodes themselves may not.
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